PROJECT NAME
GOLD Project ID
Gp0021045  
Project Name
Candidatus Acetothermum autotrophicum  
Other Names
Candidatus Acetothermum autotrophicum  
Legacy ER Project ID
24935  
Legacy ER ID
24935  
Legacy GOLD ID
Gi17125  
NCBI BioProject Name
  
NCBI BioProject ID
  
NCBI BioProject Accession
  
NCBI Locus Tag
HGMM  
NCBI Biosample ID
PI Hideto Takami
Added By Tatiparthi B. Reddy on 2012-05-09
Last Modified By Nikos Kyrpides on 2014-04-07
Project Comments
A nearly complete genome sequence of Candidatus 'Acetothermum autotrophicum', a presently uncultivated bacterium in candidate division OP1, was revealed by metagenomic analysis of a subsurface thermophilic microbial mat community. Phylogenetic analysis based on the concatenated sequences of proteins common among 367 prokaryotes suggests that Ca. 'A. autotrophicum' is one of the earliest diverging bacterial lineages. It possesses a folate-dependent Wood-Ljungdahl (acetyl-CoA) pathway of CO(2) fixation, is predicted to have an acetogenic lifestyle, and possesses the newly discovered archaeal-autotrophic type of bifunctional fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase/phosphatase. A phylogenetic analysis of the core gene cluster of the acethyl-CoA pathway, shared by acetogens, methanogens, some sulfur- and iron-reducers and dechlorinators, supports the hypothesis that the core gene cluster of Ca. 'A. autotrophicum' is a particularly ancient bacterial pathway. The habitat, physiology and phylogenetic position of Ca. 'A. autotrophicum' support the view that the first bacterial and archaeal lineages were H(2)-dependent acetogens and methanogenes living in hydrothermal environments.  
PROJECT TYPE
Specimen Organism
Nucleic Acid
DNA  
Sequencing Strategy Whole Genome Sequencing
PROJECT INFORMATION
Project Status Permanent Draft
Project Relevance Environmental
Tree of Life
Sequencing Center Japan Agency for Maine-Earth Science and Technology (Japan)
Collaborating Institute
  
Funding Agency
  
Project Description
Microbial mat flourished along with the hot water stream in the Japanase subsurface mine.  
Project Information Visibility
Public  
EXTERNAL PROJECT LINKS
Project Information
  
Database
  
Genome Publications PloS one 7(1):e30559 A deeply branching thermophilic bacterium with an ancient acetyl-CoA pathway dominates a subsurface ecosystem.
Other Publications
  
Isolation Publications
  
NCBI SRA ID
  
PROJECT COMPOSITION
Studies Subsurface geothermal stream microbial mat communities from Hishikari gold mine, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan
Biosamples Candidatus Acetothermum autotrophicum
Analysis Projects Candidatus Acetothermum autotrophicum
SEQUENCING INFORMATION
Sequencing Status Complete
Sequencing Quality Level 2: High-Quality Draft
Finishing Goal
  
Sequencing Comments
  
Sequencing Technology 454
Sanger
Library Method
  
Number Of Reads
  
Read Size
  
Sequencing Depth
  
Vector
  
GC Percent
58  
Chromosome Count
  
Plasmid Count
  
ORGANISM NAME
Organism Name Candidatus Acetothermum autotrophicum
Other names (alias, synonyms, short names, common names)
  
Domain
BACTERIAL  
Phylogeny
ACETOTHERMIA (OP1)  
Genus
Candidatus Acetothermum  
Genus Synonyms
  
Species
autotrophicum  
Species Synonyms
  
Strain
  
Strain Synonyms
  
Serovar-Biovar
  
Culture Collection ID
  
Type Strain
  
Exemplar DOI
  
Exemplar Name
  
Taxon DOI
  
Biosafety Level
  
Organism Comments
  
Cultured
No  
Culture Type
  
Organism Type
Natural  
Uncultured Type Single Cell
Commercial Strain
  
Commercial Strain Comments
  
ORGANISM TAXONOMY
NCBI Taxonomy ID 67810
NCBI Kingdom
Bacteria  
NCBI Phylum
  
NCBI Class
  
NCBI Order
  
NCBI Family
  
NCBI Genus
  
NCBI Species
  
ISOLATION CLASSIFICATION
Ecosystem
  
Ecosystem Category
  
Ecosystem Type
  
Ecosystem Subtype
  
Specific Ecosystem
  
ORGANISM EXTERNAL REFERENCES
Strain Info ID
Genbank 16S ID
Synonym List
  
GENERAL PROPERTIES
Oxygen Requirement
  
Cell Shape
  
Motility
  
Sporulation
  
Temperature Range
Thermophile  
Temperature Optimum
84.7 C  
Salinity
  
pH
  
Cell Diameter
  
Cell Length
  
Color
  
Gram Staining
  
Biotic Relationships
  
Symbiotic Physical Interaction
  
Symbiotic Relationship
  
Symbiont Name
  
Symbiont Taxon ID
  
Cell Arrangements
  
Diseases
  
Known Habitats Brackish water
Metabolisms
  
Phenotypes
  
Energy Sources
  
CYANOBACTERIA METADATA
Filaments
  
Filament Type
  
Differentiated Cells
  
Position Of Heterocysts
  
Cysts
  
Mode Of Reproduction
  
Trichome
  
Trichome Type
  
Carotenoids
  
Pigments
  
Phage Infectivity
  
Phage Type
  
Restriction Enzyme
  
Toxin Production
  
Toxin Type
  
Secondary Metabolites
  
Developmental Cycle
  
Branching
  
Gas Vesicles
  
Gas Vesicle Type
  
Diagnostic Inclusion Body Information
  
Extracellular Structures
  
Bloom Forming
  
Pigment Type
  
Complementary chromatic adaptation (CCA)
  
Medium Types